As a citizen of the 21st century,
you should be able to

  • To be able to see the world through the eyes of others.

  • Emotionally connect with people, feel what others feel or share the feeling of others.

  • Understand what others feel or think and be aware of other people's needs and suffering.

  • Being compassionate, without assuming the suffering of others as if it were your own.

  • Respond affectively to the person experiencing some kind of situation.

  • Help those who suffer or feel motivated to do so and understand other people's pain.

  • Be generous, hospitable, sensitive, objective and tolerant.

  • Ability to take the perspective of others
  • Ability to understand other’s experience and emotions
  • Ability to know what other feels
  • Ability to think about other’s mind content (theory of mind)
  • Ability to differentiate between oneself and the other’s emotional states (self-regulation of emotions)
  • Ability to recognize that all people experience hardship
  • Self-awareness
  • Mindfulness
  • Ability to feel what other feels (emotional simulation)
  • Being able to share another’s positive or negative emotions
  • Being able to respond affectively to another person
  • Ability to connect with those who are suffering
  • Ability to respond compassionately to someone’s distress
  • Ability to care and be concerned toward others who are in pain
  • Willingness to support those in need
  • Being able to avoid getting lost in others’ pain
  • Willingness to listen to and paying attention to others when they are suffering
  • Ability to evaluate your environment to identify aspects that foster or inhibit your creativity
  • Ability to modify your environment to prompt creativity
  • Ability to determine the strengths and weakness of the workgroup
  • Ability to connect and organize ideas, thoughts and feelings into unusual bonds and solutions
  • Ability to produce or design something original, unique, of high quality, novel, useful and appropriate

Sources: Based on a review of existing frameworks
(Decety & Jackson, 2004; Singer & Klimecki, 2014).


Brené Brown on Empathy

Empatía y alfabetización emocional, dos recetas para la infancia. Mary Gordon


Qué es la empatía y cómo desarrollarla en los niños

Simon Sinek
Understanding Empathy

The power of empathy: Helen Riess

What is Empathy?

Cómo enseñar empatía a los niños. Boris Cyrulnik

Roman Krznaric - Empathy: Why It Matters, and How to Get It


21st century skills help individuals of all ages to reinvent themselves throughout life, adapt to changing and diverse circumstances, and identify opportunities for growth amid differences.


What are these skills?