As a citizen of the 21st century,
you should be able to

  • Learn from your mistakes and keep trying.

  • Develop skills to handle and overcome tough situations.

  • Build and maintain a support network of friends and family.

  • Be able to cope with stress and recover from setbacks.

  • Keep believing in yourself and staying optimistic.

  • Have self-respect, discipline, and courage to tackle challenges.

  • Be willing to face new experiences with confidence and a positive attitude.

  • Ability to depend on yourself more than anyone and to be on your own if you have to
  • Ability to persevere and be determined to accomplish things
  • Ability to manage, get through difficult times and find a way out, following through with plans
  • Ability to believe that you have control over the outcomes or events in your live
  • Ability to find effective and convenient ways to overcome difficulties (resourcefulness)
  • Ability to maintain yourself optimistic and courageous in the face of adversity
  • Ability to maintain good and positive relationships, to keep effective social interactions, and to build social networks
  • Ability to hold a prosocial behaviour (i.e. being altruistic, generous)
  • Ability to belief in yourself (self-confidence), your capabilities (self-reliance), and to recognize your strengths and limitations
  • Ability to value yourself (self-esteem), have a positive perception of yourself, and find pride in the things you have accomplished
  • Ability to regulate your emotions, thoughts, and behavior (self-regulation)
  • Ability to hold a balanced perspective of your life and experience
  • Ability to adapt to change, to deal with uncertainty and stressful situations (active coping), and to have a sense of peace
  • Ability to develop a sense of belonging (cohesion) and be part of a culture (adherence)
  • Ability to develop a moral compass: spiritual or religious beliefs that give meaning to life
  • Creating of a strategy, theory, method, or argument based on a synthesis of evidence
  • Creating an argument that goes beyond available information
  • Synthesis, dialectic debating, designing, planning
  • Computational thinking: abstractions and pattern generalizations; systematic processing of information; symbol systems and representations; algorithmic notions of flow of control; structured problem decomposition (modularizing); iterative, recursive, and parallel thinking; conditional logic; efficiency and performance constraints; debugging and systematic error detection
  • Judging the quality of content, information, procedures or solutions
  • Being able to criticize a work product with respect to their credibility, relevance, and bias using a set of standards or specific framework
  • Criticism, auditing, appraisal, authentication

Sources: Based on a review of existing frameworks
(Wagnild & Young, 1993; Connor, 2006; Wu, Feder, Cohen, Kim, Calderon, Charney & Mathé, 2013; Ungar and Liebenberg, 2011).


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¿Qué es y cómo ser una persona resiliente?



21st century skills help individuals of all ages to reinvent themselves throughout life, adapt to changing and diverse circumstances, and identify opportunities for growth amid differences.


What are these skills?